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Check out the different house styles, types, designs, and architecture.
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Art Deco: The Art Deco for comes from a variety of influences, ranging from Ancient Egypt, 1930s Hollywood, and Miami Beach. Art Deco structures typically have flat roofs, smooth stucco walls, and have rounded corners and bold exterior decorations. Though you may find a home in this style, it is more typical for Art Deco to be used for office buildings rather than residential.
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Cape Cod: This style of home was built in the 1600s. They are inspired by Britain’s thatched cottages, but with steeper roofs and larger chimneys. Other features of a Cape Cod style home are windows flanking the front door, dormer windows up top, and cedar shingles. Most of the Cape Cod style homes today were built after World War II.
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Colonial: The colonial style is known for symmetry. This is shown in evenly spaced shuttered windows, dormers, columns, and chimneys.
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Contemporary: Contemporary refers to today’s building style, but is not the same as modern. These homes can vary in design in appearance, but they have a few common features. A contemporary home looks to connect the indoors and outdoors, and emphasize energy efficiency, sustainable materials, natural light, and the use of recycled materials.
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Cottage: A cottage is typically a smaller home made of stone or wood siding. These homes feature curved entryways, gravel or brick front walkway, and bright exterior colors.
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Craftsman: Craftsman style homes have a strong emphasis on natural materials, such as wood, stone, and brick. They have wide front porches and low-pitched roofs are typical. The interior of the home usually features an open floor plan, built-in furniture, big fireplaces, and exposed beams.
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Dutch Colonial: This style of home began as one room homes for early settlers. A broad gamble roof is indicative of the Dutch Colonial style. The style also features dormers, flared eaves extending over the porch and a decorative hood over the front entryway. In addition, it may also have a centered dutch double doorway. This style is also known as a barn house, because of its resemblance to a barn.
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Farmhouse: This in particular doesn’t refer to the style of the home, but rather the location and function. Farmhouses were built for need rather than design, but also feature functional porches as a transitional space to create an informal exterior.
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Federal Colonial: The Federal Colonial style home is modeled after Roman Classicism. It’s similar to a Georgian Colonial style home but with additional wings off of each side of the original box shape, and tends to be more embellished. These homes are typically made of brick, and have tall columns and and curved steps that lead up to the entrances. Federal Colonial homes usually have an elliptical shaped window on top of the door and rectangle windows on both sides of the doorway.
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French Provincial: These homes are inspired by the French countryside and came to America after World War I. French Provincial homes are characterized by a decorative appeal and romantic touches. In recent years, suburban housing developments have been incorporating this style with symmetrical proportions and steep roofs.
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Georgia Colonial: This type of home focuses on strict symmetry. The basic shape of the tape is a box, and is decorated with five windows across and shutters. The Georgia Colonial style also has a paneled front door, usually framed by simple columns.
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Greek Revival: The Greek Revival is inspired by Greek architecture. This style flourished in the 1830s and 1940s. It is characterized by tall columns and pediments, horizontal transoms, bold moldings, symmetrical shape, painted plaster exterior, and embellishments. These are typically found on large estates and plantations.
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Italianate: These homes are loosely modeled after villas in Italy and were built between the mid to late 1800s. They are characterized by decorative corbels, window cornices, doorways, and porches. They also have columned entryways, rounded and rectangular windows.
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Log Home: Log homes started as small cabins in the 1600s, and were one room homes built with no nails. Now, many log homes function as getaway or vacation homes. They can be built anywhere, but are mostly built in a rural setting. The climate of the area that the log home is built in will dictate the type of wood that should be used to build the house.
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Mediterranean: This style of home is modeled after the hacienda style, and features red tile roofs, arches, and plaster surfaces. The mediterranean style is having a resurgence, and has been featuring porticos, balconies, and other ornamental designs such as heavy wooden doors and multicolored tiles.
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Mid-century Modern: This style shot up from 1945 through the 1980s and is characterized by flat planes, large glass windows, and open space. This style also tries to incorporate nature.
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Modern: As we mentioned before, modern is not the same thing as contemporary. A modern style home is inspired by the art movement of modernism, and most examples of the home style are over 50 years old. They have open living spaces, clean lines, and favor function over form.
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Neoclassical: The neoclassical house form takes inspiration from Greek and Roman architecture. In the early 20th century, this form of architecture was used for government buildings and universities. Houses that use this form have symmetry, elaborate doorways, tall columns, and evenly spaced windows.
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Prairie: The prairie style home is primarily focused on practical needs. It features built-in furniture and open floor plans. The outside of the home features long, flat roofs, rows of windows, and horizontal lines.
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Ranch: Ranch-style homes typically have open floor plans and are mainly focused on practicality. While the inside floor plans are single or split level floor plans, the exterior details usually vary, which can lead to personalization.
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Spanish: Spanish homes are inspired by Spanish churches built in the 20th century by missionaries. These homes typically have clay roof tiles, arched porches and corridors, square pillars and quatrefoil windows that look like flowers.
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Townhouse: These homes are built in a row-house style, with two or more floors. Townhouses typically have side hallways and minimal lawn space.
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Tudor: These are perhaps one of the most recognizable styles of homes. Tudor homes have steep, multi-gabled roofs and half-timber framing. These were mostly built in the first half of the 20th century, in the Midwest and along the East Coast.
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Victorian: Victorian style homes include sub-styles of gothic revival, italianate, stick style, and many more. These homes are built more for beauty that functionality. They have more complex designs, with ornate trim, bright colors, large porches, and multi-faceted rooflines.